Leonid Ovanesbekov [94b-96]
2) Concept "a kind of hypertext"
3) Text Classification 2Q
1. Concept "a kind of hypertext"
2. Classification 2Q
2.1. List of kinds of texts "2Q-list"
2.2. Catalogue of kinds of texts "2Q-catalogue"
3. Postanalysis for classification 2Q
List of entities "2Q-entities"
1.1. the main idea
The texts (and hypertexts) can be different by their internal logic structure. For example, the dictionary has one structure, textbook - other, and hypertexting catalogue, for example, spare details for car, third. Even such fluent and brief enumerating - dictionary, textbook, catalogue, put an idea, that the texts can be different by "kinds". But concept a "kind" is very dim, it don't informs us. For the concept "a kind of texts" has become meaningful, sharp and useful, it is necessary to find some idea, some certain point of view, by which we could see different kinds of texts distinguished from each other.
This idea is applicable to the texts in general, but is especially brightly revealed in relation to the hypertexts. Therefore we shall simultaneously define two concepts: "a kind of texts" and "a kind of the hypertext" on the basis of this idea.
The following point of view is offered. Some texts are naturally broken into separate topics (sections, the chapters, themes) and there is a some logic "basis", some semantic structure, connecting separate topics in whole text.
The hypertext, contrary to the texts in general, are already broken on separate topics by definition and there is something, enabling to speak about these subjects as about the whole, as about the hypertext.
For looking at the texts and hypertext from the offered point of view, it is necessary to set the questions:
1.2. the experiment
We shall conduct microexperiment: let try to represent and to describe two parts of our viewpoint - "main type of topics" and "the logic basis" in the three set forth above kinds of texts (dictionary, textbook, catalogue).
Our microexperiment has appeared successful: what we tries to describe as a "Main type of topics" and "The logic basis" was relatively easily to formulate. The resulting description reasonably well described the essence of the dictionary, textbook and catalogue just as kinds of texts, or as kinds of hypertexts, if the dictionary, textbook, catalogue is presented in the hypertext form.
1.3. not any two question can become the basis of classification
We shall make one methodological remark.
The basis of our classification is above-stated two question (the name "2Q" is "2 questions").
Certainly it easily to imagine, any 2, 3, 5 and up questions to the texts. But if we want that these questions will be the real basis for speaking about "kinds" of texts and about classification, it is necessary that these questions were "essential", i.e. the different answers to these questions would give reasonably different and pithy kinds of texts (hypertexts).
Besides, it is important, that these questions helps to predict new kinds of texts (hypertexts), selecting new nontrivial of answer-values for these questions-parameters.
The author considers, that the classification 2Q satisfies to these requirements. It is a main hypothesis of this small research. And the quality of the hypothesis can be evaluated on that, how many different and interesting particular kinds of texts it is possible to offer within the framework of the given main idea.
1.4. classification as a collection of the prominent answers on the two questions
The classification 2Q consists not only of two questions, but also of the list of the possible answers, i.e. the list of various kinds of hypertexts.
The author will use a viewpoint' method of a collection: naming the list of possible kinds of hypertexts as a "collection", thus implicitly it is supposed:
Except the list of the names of kinds of hypertexts (in section 2.1.) is given more extensive description of each kind. The list with the description of an each element the author names as the "catalogue".
Thus, 2Q hypertext classification offered to you is the system from 4 objects:
For convenience of the references we have given separate names for the list, catalogue and pair of questions.
List of kinds гипертекстов we have named "2Q-list", catalogue - "2Q-catalogue", pair of questions - "2Q-questions". The name "2Q" we have left for the classification as a whole and for the given subject of research.
2.1. list of kinds of hypertext "2Q-list"
3.1. the "postanalysis" concept
Above in the given article we have offered the idea of the classification for texts and hypertexts, have presented the information object embodied the idea, have given for the information object the name "Classification 2Q".
Now the classification 2Q "exists".
At the beginning of the paper the author tried do not deflect attention to adjacent aspects for to present given idea compactly and clearly. Now, when the classification 2Q is announced, it is possible to try find interesting ideas at the wider field: "How we can to look at the classification 2Q from other points of view", "How the classification 2Q communicates with other close subjects and etc.. It is other kind of the analysis, it differs from the analysis in the beginning of the given article in chapter 1. As in the beginning of the article the author tried to justify occurrence of the new information entity, as now it is possible to offer ideas, which lean on the existence of this entity.
The kind of scientific research, in which:
The Term "postanalysis" emphasizes, that this is analysis of some idea after ("post-") its announcement, as opposed to other kind of the analysis, ("pre-") when an author aims suit to announce this idea.
Postanalysis is the text, which on its essence, generally speaking, has not the end. Set of interesting connections of the one finite idea with an infinite set of the possible relevent points of view and other relevant subjects is the collection, which can be only expanded. (And occasionally - be narrowed, if some aspects will become to seem to the author non interesting.) For the reason given chapter 3 has not the logic end and can to be changed and to grow from the one version to the next.
3.2. list "entities underlying for foundation" for the list "kinds of texts"
So, we have a following logic chain:
The texts (hypertext) happen be very different.
It is possible to pick up something, that it is possible to call as "kinds of texts".
These kinds are defined by the different answers on (1) question about what are the majority of the text and on (2) question about what the structure makes the logic basis of the text.
This logic chain it is possible to try to continue further - to make out the list of "what can be the logic basis of a text".
Let we shall make out such list.
Format of the list:
- kind of text: the structure of which of entity underlies for a given kind of text?
- Textbook: a structure of the subject area
- Reference book: a structure of the subject area
- Scientific paper: some subject
- Paper with annotations: the article as information object
- Explanatory dictionary: set of concepts
- Translator dictionary: set of words
- Documentation: a structure of some object
- User guide: an interface of the program as complex object, its structure
- Administration guide: a structure of the work of a person on support, structure of the object, structure cause-and-effect links in functioning of object - Encyclopaedia: structures of the subject areas, set of the subject areas, structure of a system of the subject areas
- System of tables: a structure of the subject area, set of the various tables (lists)
- Data base of pictures: some subject, set of objects, which is possible to draw
- Spatial maps: a structure of the space
- Abstract model: a structure of some object
- Catalogue: set of some objects
- Chronology: set of events
- Hypertexting knowledge base: a structure of the work of the person, structure of the subject area
- Program: a structure of complex information object of a particular type - program
3.3. list of entities "2Q-entities" It is possible to make following conclusions from the previous experiment:
The large part of kinds of texts from the list "2Q-list" is devoted to:
- subject area,
- set of an objects,
- a complex object,
- a work of a man.
Furthermore, we can find more rare, "marginal" entities:
- cause-and-effect links,
Given list (let and further be broken on these two parts) plays very important role for the classification 2Q, thus we shall give the separate name for it: "2Q-entities".
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About the author
About the IHPCS
e-mail: Leonid Ovanesbekov <firstname.lastname@example.org>
1992 – 1998 Mar 09 mo 1992 - 1997 jan 05 su